Renaissance masculinity was shaped by writers and artists like Machiavelli, Michelangelo, and Shakespeare.
Roman masculinity manifests in concepts like virtus, manliness or honor, derived from vir, the Latin word for man.
Greek masculinity manifests in concepts like thumos (spirit) and andreia (manly courage).
Modern European masculinity is forged through encounters with classical learning, global expansionism, industrialization, and non-European forces.
An excerpt from my book Politics of the Phallus: Masculinity and Power in Classical Greek Thought. Warning ➤ Academic Writing
Shango takes many forms in indigenous West Africa and in the African diaspora, many of them highly masculinized.
Many think of Athens as the birthplace of Western democracy, but was it actually a phallocracy?
The Roman concept of virility stands distinct from humanity and is grounded on the male sex.
The spornosexual cultivates a body imitating sportsmen and pornstars. Are you spornosexual and not even know it?
The great Marshall Sahlins published Islands of History in 1985 exploring, among other thing, native warriors and their response to Captain Cook.
This journey marks my first visit to the islands of Hawai’i and my third to the islands of the Pacific.
According to Anthony Easthope, the masculine myth functions through concealment and even deception.
What do muscles say about the the white male Westerner? On the fusion of body culture and politics.
The rise of Augustus Caesar transformed Rome and, thereby, the course of the Western world.
‘Men and masculinity are in crisis.’ Oft heard since the 1960s, such alarmism is rising again in light of deepening political and economic instability.