Welcome to the History of Masculinity Project, a long-term research initiative advancing the study of men and masculinity from a strictly historical perspective.


Please do not read or view this website if frank discussion and explicit images involving masculinity and the male body are likely to trigger, offend, or otherwise discomfit you.

The Masculine Gaze

For over two millennia, Western man did not have a sex. Conceived as an ideal political and rational being, he subjected others to inspection via the masculine gaze.

Reversing the Gaze

The History of Masculinity Project reverses the gaze, looking at men as men, not abstract political ideals—men embodying concrete forms of sex, gender, sexuality.

30th Oct
Masculinity and Politics

Course ➤ Masculinity and Politics

What is masculinity? How does it relate to men and the male body? Why are debates about masculinity in our culture so fiercely partisan and hyper-political?

30th Oct

Course ➤ Intro to Political Theory

Theory can help us penetrate walls faced when we undertake to act politically—and daring political action can help us penetrate barriers to our thinking.

16th Oct

The Cuckservative, I

Shaming and debasing mainstream conservatives delights the alt-right. Cuckservative is their favored term of abuse for an Establishment conservative.

30th Jul

Got Masculinity?

‘Men and masculinity are in crisis.’ Oft heard since the 1960s, such alarmism is rising again in light of deepening political and economic instability in the US.

25th Sep
Men Masculinity Manly Manliness Manhood War Terror Gender Military USA

Bone Up ➤ Sovereign Masculinity

Gender is very serious, often a matter of life and death. Masculinity emerges as one of the most powerful forces shaping the contemporary war on terror.

10th Sep
Renaissance masculinity

Must-Read Books on Renaissance Masculinity

Renaissance masculinity was shaped by writers and artists like Machiavelli, Michelangelo, and Shakespeare.

10th Sep

Must-Read Books on Roman Masculinity

Roman masculinity manifests in concepts like virtus, manliness or honor, derived from vir, the Latin word for man.

10th Sep

Must-Read Books on Greek Masculinity

Greek masculinity manifests in concepts like thumos (spirit) and andreia (manly courage).

09th Sep

Must-Read Books on European Masculinity

Modern European masculinity is forged through encounters with classical learning, global expansionism, industrialization, and non-European forces.

08th Sep

Bone Up ➤ The Masculine Myth

According to Anthony Easthope, the masculine myth functions through concealment and even deception.

01st Sep
Xango – Shango – Chango: "African God of Fire, Lightning, and Thunder Represents Male Power and Sexuality"

A God of Male Power and Sexuality?

Shango takes many forms in indigenous West Africa and in the African diaspora, many of them highly masculinized.

01st Sep
Phallus Penis Greece Athens Men Masculinity Manliness Manhood Male

Bone Up ➤ The Reign of the Phallus

Many think of Athens as the birthplace of Western democracy, but was it actually a phallocracy?

01st Sep

How The Romans Invented Virility

The Roman concept of virility stands distinct from humanity and is grounded on the male sex.

01st Sep

You May Be A Spornosexual

The spornosexual cultivates a body imitating sportsmen and pornstars. Are you spornosexual and not even know it?

30th Aug

Must-Read Books on Bisexual and Gay Masculinities

Throughout Western history, bisexual and gay masculinities have emerged and thrived as alternatives.

22nd Aug

How Did Native Warriors Fight Captain Cook?

The great Marshall Sahlins published Islands of History in 1985 exploring, among other thing, native warriors and their response to Captain Cook.